Technical Data Sheet Nylon (Polyamide)

Nylon is one of the most widely used engineering thermoplastics. Nylon is frequently used as a replacement for bronze, brass, aluminum, steel, and other metals; as well as other plastics, wood, and rubber components. It offers an excellent combination of mechanical performance and cost. In addition, nylons can withstand sustained contact with a wide variety of chemicals, alkalis, dilute acids or oxidizing agents. Another important factor both economically and mechanically is the relatively light weight of nylon. There are many nylon grades available today, the most common being nylon 6/6 and nylon 6. The properties of both nylon products are very similar; and typically, they can be used interchangeably.

However, there are some advantages and limitations to each material both nylon 6/6 and nylon 6. Nylon 6/6 (polyhexamethylene adiptimide) is a moldable and extrude-able general-purpose nylon. Like nylon 6 it has good mechanical properties and wear resistance. Nylon 6/6 has a much higher melting point than cast nylon 6. Nylon 6/6 also has a higher intermittent use temperature than cast nylon 6. Nylon 6/6 is limited by its processing methods. In extrusion, it nylon 6/6 is limited to constant cross-section profiles as well as the size constraints of the die geometry. However, there are a larger number of fillers available for extruded nylon 6/6. Nylon comprises the largest family of engineering plastics with a very wide range of applications.

Benefits

  • High tensile strength
  • Lightweight High modulus of elasticity
  • High impact resistance
  • Resistance wear, abrasion, and vibration
  • Chemical resistance to alkalis, dilute acids or oxidizing agents
  • Note- Nylon® is NOT moisture Resistant

Applications

  • Electrical connectors
  • Gear, slide, cams, and bearings
  • Automotive
  • Sports & recreational equipment
  • Bearings
  • Rollers
  • Wheels & wear components
  • Semiconductor
  • Medical
  • Wear
  • Pads
  • Noels
  • Bushings
  • Seals

Nylon 6/6 Properties Chart

UNITSASTM TESTTecamid
6/6
Tensile strengthpsiD63812,000
Flexural ModuluspsiD790440,000
Izod impact (notched)ft-lbs/in of notchD2561.1
Heat deflection temperature @ 264 psi°FD648194
Maximum continuous service temperature – Long Term°FUL764B 185
Water absorption (immersion 24 hours)%D5701.2
The coefficient of linear thermal expansionin/in/°Fx10-5D6964.5 X 10^-5
Elongation @ Break %D63825

Plastics international

Values may vary. Please ask your Erie Industrial Plastics representative for more specific information.

Technical Data Sheet PTFE | Teflon

Polytetrafluoroethylene Resin

Teflon can be used in a variety of applications having a combination of mechanical, electrical, chemical, temperature and anti-friction properties that are unmatched. PTFE has a very high melting point and is capable of continued service at 500 ℉ (260 ℃). It is the most chemically resistant plastic available and only a few chemicals react with it. PTFE mechanical properties are low compared to other engineering plastics, but its integrity is maintained over a wide temperature range; from -400°F to 500°F (-240 to 260°C). Mechanical properties can be improved by the addition of fillers such as glass fiber, carbon, graphite, molybdenum disulfide, and bronze. PTFE has excellent thermal and electrical insulation properties along with a low coefficient of friction. It is difficult to bond to PTFE.

Benefits

  • High chemical resistance
  • Low and high-temperature capability
  • Resistance to weathering
  • Low friction
  • Electrical and thermal insulation
  • Anti-stick surface

Applications

  • Gaskets
  • Packing materials exposed to chemicals
  • Bearings
  • Seals
  • Piston rings
  • Electrical insulation

PTFE | Teflon Properties Chart

UNITS ASTM TEST PETG
Tensile strength psi D638 3,900
Flexural Modulus psi D790 80,000
Izod impact (notched) ft-lbs/in of notch D256 3.5
Heat deflection temperature @ 264 psi °F D648 132
The coefficient of linear thermal expansion in/in/°Fx10-5 D696 7.5

Values may vary. Please ask your Erie Industrial Plastics representative for more specific information.

PETG is a transparent plastic sheet with excellent impact resistance and outstanding thermoforming characteristics.

PETG–Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol

When formed, PETG is a transparent plastic sheet with excellent impact resistance and outstanding thermoforming characteristics. It is lightweight, yet also has a high impact strength. It can also be vacuum formed or thermoformed without pre-drying. PETG has exceptional thermoforming attributes for applications that require deep draws and intricate die cuts, without sacrificing structural integrity. PETG sheets can be cut, drilled, bent (cold or hot), and are easy to bond and glue. It also reduces sound emissions and is FDA compliant.

 

PETG is an incredibly versatile material – a property that is often sought in an industrial material – and can be used in a wide range of applications both indoors and out. For instance, PETG properties include being sterile, so it makes it ideal for use as a covering or packaging in the food and chemical industries. It is also commonly used to manufacture point-of-sale displays used in a range of retail operations as well as consumer products such as sunglasses–demonstrating the breadth of applications PETG is used to produce.

 

PETG is also fully recyclable, making for sustainable manufacturing practices. Given the growing number of regulations on recycling that industrial businesses have to abide by, as well as many businesses’ growing awareness of the need to be environmentally friendly, PETG makes for an excellent material.

 

PETG Material Options

Overall, PETG properties make it one of the most flexible materials around in today’s manufacturing marketplace and will ensure that sales of it continue to grow in the coming years. The following are some material options that PETG can provide:

  • Thermoforming– PETG does not require drying before forming and has rapid thermoforming cycle times. It is brake formable up to 0.080″ thickness.
  • Impact Resistance– PETG is less brittle than acrylic and is a lower cost alternative to polycarbonate.
  • Chemical Resistance– PETG offers superior chemical resistance when compared with many other transparent plastics.
  • PETG Sheet for O&P– is used where transparency is essential for evaluation interfaces, commonly used when fabricating face guards and check sockets where clarity and deep draw forming are required.

PETG Example Applications

  • Sign and graphic holders
  • POP displays and store fixtures
  • Product and tabletop displays
  • Thermoformed trays
  • Prototypes and models
  • Orthotic and prosthetic devices
  • Machine guards and housings

Performance Characteristics

  • Outstanding deep draw thermoforming
  • Good impact resistance
  • Chemical resistant
  • Easy to fabricate and machine
  • Good clarity

PETG Properties Chart

UNITS ASTM TEST PETG
Tensile strength psi D638 7,700
Flexural Modulus psi D790 310,000
Izod impact (notched) ft-lbs/in of notch D256 1.7
Heat deflection temperature @ 264 psi °F D648 157
Maximum continuous service temperature in air °F
Water absorption (immersion 24 hours) % D570 0.20
The coefficient of linear thermal expansion in/in/°Fx10-5 D696 3.8

Values may vary. Please ask your Erie Industrial Plastics representative for more specific information.

Acrylic is a thermoplastic material with outstanding strength and stiffness that is easy to fabricate, bonds well, and is easy to thermoform for durable signs, fixtures, displays and more.

Acrylic | Plexiglass

Acrylic is a transparent thermoplastic material with outstanding strength, stiffness, and optical clarity. Acrylic sheet is easy to fabricate, bonds well with adhesives and solvents, and is easy to thermoform. It has superior weathering properties compared to many other transparent plastics. Acrylic sheet exhibits glass-like qualities – clarity, brilliance, and transparency – but at half the weight and many times the impact resistance of glass. From durable signs and skylights to eye-catching retail store fixtures, displays and shelves, acrylic provides outstanding versatility, durability, and aesthetic qualities.

Acrylic Material Options

  • Extruded Acrylic – Extruded acrylic sheet can be manufactured to any length, which often results in cost savings since yield loss can be minimized when parts are cut from custom sheet sizes. Extruded acrylic is also the easiest grade to thermoform and the easiest to bond using solvent types of cement.
  • Cast Acrylic – Cast acrylic sheet has better chemical resistance and superior machining characteristics compared with extruded acrylic.
  • Acrylic for Architectural Applications – Acrylic’s clarity, lightweight, impact resistance, and weather resistance, make this material a popular choice for architectural applications. Acrylic sheet is used in everything from windows and wall partitions to lighting fixtures and canopies.
  • Acrylic for Transportation Applications – Acrylic is used throughout the transportation industry in instrument panels, windows, windshields, and mirrors
  • FDA Compliant Acrylic – Acrylic is available in FDA compliant grades.
  • Cut-to-Size Acrylic Sheet – Acrylic is available in “cut-to-size” or “run-to-size” sheet options. Gain the flexibility of buying acrylic how you need it – save time, eliminate scrap, improve your productivity, and reduce wear and tear on your equipment.
  • Acrylic Rods and Tubes – Acrylic rod and tube are available in a wide range of sizes. These materials are often used for point-of-purchase display applications.

Acrylic Applications

  • Indoor and outdoor signs
  • POP displays and exhibits
  • Architectural glazing, skylights
  • LED diffusing lighting panels
  • Transportation applications
  • Brochure holders
  • Shelves and retail fixtures
  • Transparent manifolds

Performance Characteristics

  • Strong, stiff, optically clear
  • Easy to fabricate, machine, and thermoform
  • Easy to solvent bond
  • Good dimensional stability
  • Good weathering

Common Brands

  • OPTIX®
  • Plexiglas®
  • ACRYLITE®

Acrylic Properties Chart

UNITS ASTM TEST PETG
Tensile strength psi D638 10,000
Flexural Modulus psi D790 480,000
Izod impact (notched) ft-lbs/in of notch D256 0.4
Heat deflection temperature @ 264 psi °F D648 195
Maximum continuous service temperature in air °F 160
Water absorption (immersion 24 hours) % D570 0.20
The coefficient of linear thermal expansion in/in/°Fx10-5 D696 4.0
Light transmittance % D1003 92

Values may vary. Please ask your Erie Industrial Plastics representative for more specific information.

Polycarbonate–LEXAN | Makrolon

Polycarbonate–LEXAN | Makrolon

Polycarbonate is similar to acrylic as it offers comparable clarity; however, polycarbonate is set apart by an impact resistance that is unsurpassed in plastic glazing materials. Polycarbonate is used in applications such as machine guards and security windows that require the optical clarity with the assurance of safety. Polycarbonate is lightweight and relatively stiff; making it easy to saw, machine, heat form, and paint. Because of these properties, the amount of applications for polycarbonate are relatively endless with new products constantly being designed incorporating this strong, tough material.

Polycarbonate (PC) resins are produced in the U.S. principally by General Electric Co–Lexan–and by Bayer Corp–Makrolon. PC is available in general-purpose and specialty grades that provide specific properties or processing characteristics. These include flame-retardant formulations, parts used in food-contact and medical applications (using grades that meet FDA regulations), and glass-reinforced grades for applications requiring maximum strength and stiffness. The natural resin is water-clear and transparent.

Industry trade names: Cyrolon, Excelon PC, Hyzod Tl Lexan, Makrolon, Polycarb, Polygal, Tuffak, & Zelux.

 

Polycarbonate Machining Services

Erie Industrial Plastics provides plastic manufacturing and distribution services with high quality, tight tolerance products that meet our clients specifications. Offering a variety of polycarbonate machining and fabrication services, we work with our clients to select the most effective and efficient manufacturing process to ensure your polycarbonate machined part is manufactured to the exact specifications required. Call Erie Industrial Plastics today for all of your polycarbonate machining and fabrication needs.

 

Popular Uses for Polycarbonate (Lexan)

  • Race car windows
  • Transparent visors for hockey and football players
  • Window well covers
  • Re-usable drinking bottles
  • Computers: Apple, Inc.’s MacBook, iMac, and Mac mini
  • Machine guarding glass
  • Laminated layers of polycarbonate can be engineered to stop various size bullets

Characteristics of Polycarbonate (PC)

  • 20% Glass Filled
  • Abrasion Resistant  
  • Aircraft
  • Flame Retardant
  • Bullet Resistant
  • Twin Wall
  • Textured
  • UV Resistant

Polycarbonate (PC) Sheet, Rod, Film & Tube

Polycarbonates are generally unaffected by greases and oils. However, they are attacked by most aromatic solvents and esters which cause cracking in stressed parts. Grades with improved chemical resistance are available, and special coatings can be applied to provide additional chemical protection. We have Polycarbonate available in sheet, rod, film, and tube for all applications.

We carry an extensive range of clear & color Polycarbonate. Please call for color availability.

Contact us to talk more about Polycarbonate